Bringing people together to sustainably manage their forest landscapes in Asia.

Carood Watershed Model Forest, Philippines

Country: The Philippines
Location: Bohol Island
Year joined IMFN: 2010
Area of Model Forest: 21,749 hectares


Forest and resource profile

The Carood Watershed Model Forest is located in Region 7 on the island of Bohol in the Central Visayas, includes six municipalities covering upland areas, both open and closed forest, grasslands, agricultural lands and mangrove areas. It is the fifth largest watershed in Bohol.

There are 92 floral species belonging to 86 genera and 39 families in upland vegetation. The mangrove areas in Cogtong Bay consists of about 30 mangrove species and its associates. In the upland areas of Carood Watershed there are 53 bird species belonging to 25 families, 8 mammal species and 4 reptile species. Tarsius syrichta, Hypsipetes philippinus, Acerodon jubatus, Ptenochirus jaguri and Naja samarensis are some of the Philippine endemic species found in Carood. These data are based on observations and informal interviews. (In depth study is needed to update the data).

The Mangrove area near the mouth of the Carood River is very diverse consisting of about 30 mangrove species and its associates; it is considered as the most diverse mangrove community in the entire central visayas region. The second-growth forest of the watershed is also a home of some endemic fauna.

Forest Management and Other Major Land Use:

  • Ecologically fragile areas = 7507 ha (36%)
  • Agro-industrial croplands = 6159 ha. (30%)
  • Forest = 2497 ha (12%)
  • Irrigated ricefields = 1831 ha (10%)

Socio-Economic Profile

The indigenous group of the Carood Watershed is the Eskaya Tribe. The primary sources of income are farming and fishing. Most farming is by manual cultivation, some mechanical plowing. Slash and burn agriculture is still practiced in some areas.


  • The Department of Environment and Natural Resources of the Philippines (DENR)
  • Provincial Government (BEMO)
  • Municipal Governments
  • Environmental Science for Social Change (ESSC)
  • Bohol State University
  • People’s Organizations

Activities to date

  • DENR-7 implemented the Upland Development Project (Agroforestry) involving 27 families. 35 farmers were trained in agroforestry and soil/water conservation techniques.
  • Strategic planning workshop was conducted with various stakeholders
  • Established five soil erosion monitoring stations as part of the agroforestry training carried out by DENR-7

Contact information

Mr. Isabelo Montejo
Regional Executive Director
Forest Management Service
DENR, Region 7 and Project Manager
Carood Watershed Model Forest
DENR Region 7 Green Plains Subd., Banilad,
Mandaue City, Cebu

Office Tel.: 63-32-346-1002
Email :